分散的動画サイト「SPKOUT」 :日本語のユーザーガイド



アノニマスの見解 Ep.3: 共謀罪、監視、そして執行費用

Hello internet. Welcome back to ANONYMOUS NO KENKAI.

And I hope you enjoyed all the politics in the last episode, because there’s yet more politics in this one.

Okay, seriously, I know politics are boring. But don’t worry, we’re going to get to some practical stuff really soon. But first, we need to talk about the Conspiracy Law. I actually want to talk about what we should do in the face of the Law more than the Law itself, but a very brief primer may be necessary, so let’s get that out of the way.

In 2000 the Japanese government signed the UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, which has a pretty self-explanatory name. But even though they signed it, they haven’t ratified it yet because Japan is missing one important thing to be fully compliant with it: laws against criminal conspiracy.

I’m not a lawyer, so my understanding of this will be fuzzy at best, but to the best of my understanding, it’s always been illegal for individuals to plan a crime. But Japan has no laws that allow members of an organization to be collectively charged if the organization plans to commit a crime. The new Conspiracy Law would allow the police to treat members of a designated “criminal group” as suspects even if they haven’t committed any crime individually.

Naturally, this Conspiracy Law worries a lot of people, not least of all the Japan Federation of Bar Associations, the nation’s top group of lawyers. The fear is that the police will not limit the scope of these powers to “organized crime groups”, but to political groups as well. And if ordinary citizens know that simply being a member of a political group under police investigation can get them in trouble, it might have a chilling effect on their political activity.

This might sound like an extreme case, but it’s far more reasonable a concern than you may think. The National Police Agency in Japan has a very shady record regarding abuse of power. In 2016, police in Oita Prefecture were caught installing cameras to monitor opposition party and labor union members without a warrant or reasonable suspicion. In the same year, Tokyo police illegally used warrantless GPS tracking on suspects in an investigation. Even worse, the police were given specific instructions to hide the use of GPS tracking devices, even going so far as to hide it from official police documents.

A quick search brings up many more examples. From the arrest of protestors to the infiltration of campus activist groups, the NPA’s selective law enforcement frequently has an ulterior political motive. The idea that any new powers under the Conspiracy Law will be abused isn’t a possibility, it’s an inevitability. If you doubt that, consider that Shigeru Ishiba, once the Secretary General of the LDP, publicly opined that “noisy protestors” should be considered equal to terrorists. That anybody in government feels comfortable voicing that opinion aloud should worry anybody when they’re seeking to give themselves this kind of power.

Now, of course you should be worried about the Conspiracy Law, and of course you should do everything you can to prevent it from coming into law. It’s been stopped multiple times between 2000 and now, so it is possible. But only protesting and waiting for politicians to fix this isn’t enough. Instead, I want to talk about what you can do right now to protect yourself from the Conspiracy Law and any other similar laws that might come after it. And all of my advice hinges on one principle. When the government uses the law unjustly, the best way to deal with it is to make enforcement impossible.

If you’re a member of a political activist group, an opposition political party, or a labor union of any type, the danger of the Conspiracy Law is that your organization may be arbitrarily deemed “criminal” by the police and put under surveillance. Even if you’ve done nothing wrong or illegal, your phone might be tapped, your e-mails and social media accounts monitored in the hopes that something can be taken out of context and used to shut down the entire group. In the face of that threat, your best defense is to make any such surveillance difficult or impossible. How do you do that? Simple. ENCRYPT EVERYTHING.

Yes, everything. Every e-mail, every chat, every online conversation between your members should be encrypted. It’s eaiser than you think, and perfectly legal. Are you planning a hanami party by e-mail? ENCRYPT IT. Are you sharing a joke or a funny cat picture? ENCRYPT IT. Are you organizing a street cleaning activity? ENCRYPT IT. Mass surveillance thrives when it’s cheap and easy. Conversely, if every single communication… from the very important to the very mundane… is encrypted by default, surveillance becomes very difficult, very time-consuming, and extremely expensive. It will be limited by necessity, no matter what the Conspiracy Law says. So where to start? Here are a few simple things you can start doing today.

First, stop using big-name Social Media services for internal communication. Facebook, Twitter, LINE, and other major services are great for open communication to the public. For private internal use, though, they are terrible. They offer little to no encryption, and will usually give copies of everything you say to the police on request. Avoid at all costs.

For internal communication, use services with a good reputation that offer end-to-end encryption. While you can and should do your own research, we have a short list of services we use and recommend. For e-mail, Switzerland based “ProtonMail” is a good choice. Communication between ProtonMail accounts is encrypted end-to-end by default, so even the company running the service can’t read them. Unfortunately, e-mails between ProtonMail accounts and other service accounts are not encrypted, so if you choose ProtonMail, it’s probably best if your entire team agrees to use it together.


For online chat and messenging, we prefer two services. CryptoCat offers secure, private one-to-one online chat. The content of your conversation is inaccessible to anyone but you and your friend, and even if the keys are stolen, they can’t be used to read future messages. Unfortunately, while an older version of CryptoCat had group conversations, the latest version hasn’t included this feature yet. The developer says he plans to add it in future, but another program, “Riot”, is a good choice for group chats. Riot can be accessed via browser, but also has a client for Windows, Mac, and Linux. Mobile apps exist for both iOS and Android, so it’s extremely flexible.



For local file storage, VeraCrypt is a powerful program that allows you to encrypt files on your computer’s hard disk with a password. Without the password, the data is unreadable. While using Veracrypt for your important files is a good idea, we suggest using it for all of your files. As I said above, encrypting everything helps against unjust surveillance, and VeraCrypt isn’t too hard to use, so why not?


Finally, you should protect your internet connection. Even with all these tools and software, your internet connection is still open to surveillance, whether by the police or by your ISP. The best solution? Use a VPN. A VPN encrypts all the traffic between you and the public internet, so not only is it harder to identify you online, but your ISP can’t monitor your activity either. There are many VPNs to choose from, and you should do your own research, but we use and recommend a service called Cryptostorm. For Windows users, setup and installation isn’t too difficult. For Mac and other users, it’ll take a little more work. But for the security you get, it’s worth the effort.

使い方:http://iseedbox.org/wp/2017/01/26/strongest-vpn-cryptostorm/ , http://iseedbox.org/wp/2017/01/28/howtouse-cryptofree/

Now, all this advice is good for communication online, but what about offline? Most groups want to have at least some face to face meetings with their members. Even here, there are a few things you can do to protect yourself. First, remember that almost all mobile phones, tablets, and computers have microphones in them. There’s a lot of malware and viruses that can be used to remotely activate those microphones and listen to your conversations. If you don’t think this is a real threat, just remember that in 2015, The Bureau of Public Safety had a meeting with the now-disgraced Italian company “Hacking Team” to talk about their program “Galileo”, also known as “Remote Control System” or “RCS”. And one of RCS’s many functions is remotely activating network microphones. Also, the recently leaked CIA information from Wikileaks, “Vault 7”, has more worrying information about the dangers of spying malware. The threat, unfortunately, is very real.
こういうアドバイスはオンラインやりとりに役立ちますが、オフラインで会うならどうすれば良い?たまにはメンバーが直接会いたいと思う。そのオフライン状況にも、プライバシー保護する方法があります。先ず、全ての携帯電話、スマホ、タブレット、そしてノートPCにはマイクロホンが内蔵されることを忘れないで下さい。既存ウイルスやマルウェアは盗聴のためにリモートからマイクを起動することができる。現実の脅威ではないと思えば、2015年に日本の公安警察は今や信用を失ったイタリアの企業「ハッキングチーム」と会議をしたことを覚えて下さい。その会議の目的は「Galileo」(別名:Remote Control System, またはRCS)と呼ぶソフトについて話す。そしてGalileoの機能の中には、リモートからネットワークマイクの起動は含まれている。さらに、最近Wikileaksによる広まった「Vault 7」というCIAに関するリークの中にもっと恐るべきスパイウェアと監視ウイルスについての情報があります。こういう脅威は残念ながら極めて現実的である。

If possible, the best thing you can do is simply not bring your mobile phones to your face-to-face meetings. Is there a coin locker in the building, or in the station near the building? Leave your phones in there for a few hours and pick them up after you leave. Use pen-and-paper, or offline IC recorders if you absolutely need to keep notes. If leaving your phone behind isn’t an option, consider using a makeshift Faraday Cage to block the signal. Put them in a fully enclosed metal container and wrap them in a few layers of aluminium foil to boot. It may not completely block the signal, but it should interfere with it considerably. If you’re serious about privacy, you could even consider buying a good Faraday Pouch for permanent use. Just make sure you do your research before putting down any money.

This might feel strange and maybe even crazy to go this far, but again… the malware exists. It is being sold to police around the world right now, and it has been used before. Ask yourself which you prefer: doing something a little crazy to protect yourself, or acting normal and making yourself vulnerable? You decide.

Whether we like it or not, we are living in a terrifying new age of total surveillance. It might make us feel uncomfortable, but if we want to protect our liberty and our privacy, we need to learn to change the way we communicate. Will you do all of these things? Maybe not. Will you do some of them? I certainly hope so. My only goal is to give you information. What you do with that information… is up to you.

This is ANONYMOUS NO KENKAI. And until next time… MACHI UKENASAI.